Secondary Sources and Fiction

Secondary Sources

Adair, Douglass. The Jefferson scandals ([S.l. : s.n, 1960?])
Call number: E332.25 .A3 1960
also published in: Fame and the Founding Fathers (New York: Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture at Williamsburg, Va., by Norton, 1974), pp. 160-91.
Call number: JK155 .A32

Andrews, Tina. Sally Hemings, an American scandal : the struggle to tell the controversial true story. (New York : Malibu Press, 2001)
Call number: E332.25 .A66 2001

Bear, James Adam. The Hemings family of Monticello / by James A. Bear, Jr. (Ivy, Virginia : [s.n.], 1980.)
Call number: E332.25 .B42 1980
also published in Virginia Cavalcade, Vol. XXIX (Autumn 1979), pp. 78-87.
Call number: F221 .V65

Begley, Sharon “Jefferson’s DNA trail : genetics show he had at least one child with his slave” / Sharon Begley with Esther Pan
Located in: Newsweek, Vol. 132, no. 19 (Nov. 9, 1998)
Call number: E332.2 .B44 1998

Brodie, Fawn McKay Thomas Jefferson, an intimate history. ( New York, Norton [1974] )
Call number: E332 .B82

Burstein, Andrew The inner Jefferson : portrait of a grieving optimist. (Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia, 1995.)
Call number: E332.B96 1995

Burton, Cynthia H. Jefferson vindicated: fallacies, omissions, and contradictions in the Hemings genealogical search. (Keswick, Virginia: Cynthia H. Burton, 2005).
Call number: E332.25 B78 2005

Coulter, Ann.
Located in: Jewish world review, June 21, 2001

Dabney, Virginius. The Jefferson scandals : a rebuttal. (New York : Dodd, Mead, c1981.)
Call number: E 332.2 .D3

Dabney, Virginius. “The Monticello scandals: history and fiction”
Located in: Virginia Cavalcade, Vol. XXIX (Autumn 1979), pp. 52-61.
Call number: F221.V65

Dos Passos, John Correspondence concerning The Head and heart of Thomas Jefferson.
Two letters written by Julian Boyd and Douglass Adair to John Dos Passos about the Jefferson/Hemings relationship
Call number: MSS 5950

Ellis, Joseph J. American sphinx: the character of Thomas Jefferson (New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.)
Call number: E332.2.E45 1997

Erickson, Steve. Leap year (New York : Poseidon Press, c1989.)
“Erickson follows the 1988 Presidential election across the country by train and car and finds himself joined by a deathless wanderer named Sally Hemings, who at the age of 15 in Paris in 1789 chose to the remain the slave of Thomas Jefferson, and thus changed the meaning and consequence of America forever.”
Call number: E880 .E75 1989

Foster, Eugene A., Jefferson Fathered Slave’s Last Child. Nature Magazine. November 5, 1998

Foster, Eugene A., Letter to Editor. Nature Magazine. January 7, 1999

French, Scot A. and Edward L. Ayers, The Strange Career of Thomas Jefferson: Race and Slavery in American Memory, 1943-1993″
Located in: Jeffersonian legacies, (Charlottesville University Press of Virginia, 1993), pp. 418-56.
Call number: E332.2.J48 1993

Gabriel, Rebecca Joy. Interlude with Sally Hemings : diary of a spiritual healing. (Pfafftown, North Carolina : Free to Soar Enterprises, c2000.)
Call number: E332.2.G22 2000

Garrett, Aaron,Of racism and remembrance: Jefferson’s legacy.
Located in: Common-place, v.1, no.4 (July 2001)

Genealogical data pertaining to the Hemings family of Monticello, 1961-1966.
Call number: MSS 6636
The collection contains charts, correspondence and notes of John Cook Wyllie, Pearl M. Graham, Nellie E. Jones and Stuart G. Gibboney concerning Betty Hemings and her descendants including Sally Hemings. Included is correspondence of and about Nellie E. Jones, a descendant of Madison Hemings and the owner of a pair of spectacles and an inkwell once owned by Thomas Jefferson. Letters from Pearl M. Graham discuss her research on Jefferson-Hemings descendants, and her belief that the novel “Clotel” is based on fact. She also disputes Thomas Jefferson Randolph’s denial to historian Henry S. Randall of a liaison between Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings, a denial then repeated in James Parton’s life of Jefferson. The collection also contains a photograph of the gravestone of Priscilla Hemmings; research notes and genealogies charted by John Cook Wyllie including one tracing the ancestry of Nellie E. Jones; and a photograph of Ann Elizabeth Forrest Isaacs from Ebony magazine, 1954.

Gordon-Reed, Annette.The Hemingses of Monticello : an American family / Annette Gordon-Reed. (New York, NY : W.W. Norton & Co., 2008.)
Call number: E332.74 .G67 2008

Gordon-Reed, Annette. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings : an American controversy / Annette Gordon-Reed. (Charlottesville ; London : University Press of Virginia, 1997.)
Call number: E332.2 .G67 1997

Hazelton, Jean Harvey. The Hemings family of Monticello. ([S.l. : s.n, 1960?])
Call number: E332.25 .H38 1960

Hewitt, Bill. Splitting heirs : Jefferson, Hemings and a nasty e-mail : a bloodline battle gets hotter / Bill Hewitt ; Linda Kramer and Colleen O’Connor.
Located in: People Weekly . Vol. 57, no. 19 (May 24, 2002)
Call number: E332.2 .H48 2002

Hyland, William G. In defense of Thomas Jefferson : the Sally Hemings sex scandal / William G. Hyland Jr.(New York : Thomas Dunne Books, 2009.)
Call number: E332.2 .H95 2009

Jefferson and Sally : after two centuries of controversy, new DNA evidence reveals that he fathered a child by one of his slaves.
Located in: U.S. News & World Report. Vol. 12, no. 18 (Nov. 9, 1998)
Call number: E 332.2 .J45 1998

Jefferson-Hemings : a special issue of the National Genealogical Society quarterly.
Sally Hemings’s children: a genealogical analysis of the evidence / Helen F.M. Leary — The “Scholars Commission” report on the Jefferson-Hemings matter: an evaluation by genealogical standards / Thomas W. Jones — Can the “character defense” survive?: measuring polar positions in the Jefferson-Heming controversy by the standards of history / Joshua D. Rothman. — Can researchers prove the “unprovable”?: a selective bibliography of efforts to genealogically document children of master-slave relationships / Gary B. Mills.
Call number: E 332.2 .J467 2001

Lander, Eric S. and Joseph J. Ellis, Founding Father. Nature Magazine. November 5, 1998

Jefferson-Hemings DNA Testing: an Online Resource
(from Monticello, the home of Thomas Jefferson)

The Jefferson-Hemings myth : an American travesty / presented by the Thomas Jefferson Heritage Society ; edited by Eyler Robert Coates, Sr. (Charlottesville, Va. : Jefferson Editions, c2001.)
Call number: E332.2.J47 2001

Jefferson’s children : the story of one American family / by Shannon Lanier and Jane Feldman ; with photographs by Jane Feldman ; and an introduction by Lucian K. Truscott IV. (New York : Random House, c2000.)
Call number: E332.2.L35 2000

Jordan, Daniel P. Statement of Daniel P. Jordan, Ph.D., President, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation : DNA Press Conference at the International Center for Jefferson Studies, November 1, 1998. (Charlottesville, Virginia : Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, Inc., [1998])
Call number: Broadside 1998 .J67

Justus, Judith P. Down from the mountain : the oral history of the Hemings family : are they the black descendants of Thomas Jefferson? / by Judith P. Justus. (Perrysburg, Ohio : Jeskurtara, Inc., c1990.)
Call number: E332.2 .J87 1990

Kelleher, Terry. Sally Hemings, an American scandal / Terry Kelleher. Sallying forth : Carmen Ejogo gets historical as Thomas Jefferson’s slave mistress, Sally Hemings.
Article entitled Sally Hemings, an American scandal is a review of a made-for-TV movie about Thomas Jefferson’s relationship with Sally Hemings. Article entitled Sallying forth discusses the actress who plays Hemings in the movie.
Located in: People Weekly. Vol. 53, no. 6 (Feb. 14, 2000)
Call number: E332.2 .K46 2000

Knights, Edwin M. For want of an “A”, confusion reigns : the day Nature goofed / by Edwin M. Knights, Jr.(Nashua, N.H. : Genesaver Publications, 2004.)
Call number: E332.25 .K55 2004

Lanier, Shannon Jefferson’s children : the story of one American family / by Shannon Lanier and Jane Feldman. (New York : Random House, c2000.)
Call number: E332.2 .L35 2000

Langhorne, Elizabeth Coles. Papers of Elizabeth Coles Langhorne, 1975-1986.
The collection contains galley and page proofs, manuscript and typescripts for “Monticello : A family history.” With these are related items including a Hemings family genealogy tracing descendants of Betty Hemings; several versions of an article “The black family at Monticello”; copies of other articles with pertinent information; and other Jefferson related writings by Langhorne including a grant proposal for a biography of Martha Jefferson Randolph.
Call number: MSS 7942-e

Lord, Lewis. Jefferson, Hemings–again : a new report and more questions about an alleged affair.
Located in: U.S. News & World Report. Vol.130, no.16 (Apr. 23, 2001)
Call number: E332.2 .L672 2001

Lord, Lewis. Jefferson knew value of silence with press : “these people slander for their bread”
Located in: U.S. News & World Report. Vol. 125, no. 19 (Nov. 16, 1998)
Call number: E332.2 .L67 1998

Lord, Lewis. The Tom-and-Sally miniseries (cont.) : rallying around the founding father.
Located in: U.S. News & World Report. Vol. 126, no. 2 (Jan. 19, 1999)
Call number: E332.2 .L677 1999

Lucier, James P.The fable of Tom and Sally: the claim that Thomas Jefferson fathered children with his slave Sally Hemings has been shown to be baseless by a learned group of the nation’s most distinguished scholars.
Located in:Insight Magazine, May 21, 2001.

Malone, Dumas Jefferson the President : first term, 1801-1805. (Boston : Little, Brown, 1970.)
Call number: E332.M26 1948 v.4

Malone, Dumas. Papers of Dumas Malone, 1913-1986.
The papers document Malone’s career as history professor, editor of the “Dictionary of American biography,” and biographer of Thomas Jefferson.Topical files and research files for “Jefferson and his time” form the bulk of the collection. The topical files contain material on historical and learned societies and other organizations with which he was associated particularly The American Council of Learned Societies, The Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, The History Book Club, The Literary Society of Washington, D.C., The Monticello Association, The National Endowment for the Humanities, The Southern Historical Association, The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, and The Virginia Cultural Laureate Society; material on publishers particularly Harvard University Press and Little, Brown and Company; professional correspondence with historians, educators, and students; grant applications; recommendations; material on “Empire for liberty” a textbook co-authored with Basil Rauch; awards and honorary degrees; lectures; the University of Virginia and its Department of History; books on Thomas Jefferson; and Jefferson controversies particularly re Sally Hemings.
Call number: RG-21/7.872

McMurry, Rebecca L. Jefferson, Callender, and the Sally story : the scandalmonger and the newspaper war of 1802. (Toms Brook, Va. : Old Virginia Books, c2000.)
Call number: E332.2.M45 2000

Mayer, David N.The Thomas Jefferson-Sally Hemings myth and the politicization of American history : individual views of David N. Mayer, concurring with the Majority Report of the Scholars Commission on the Jefferson-Hemings matter (Apr. 9, 2001)

Reed, B. Bernetiae. The slave families of Thomas Jefferson : a pictorial study book with an interpretation of his farm book in genealogy charts / written and compiled by B. Bernetiae Reed. (Greensboro, N.C. : Sylvest-Sarah, Inc., 2007.)
Call number: E332.2 .R443 2007

Reed, B. Bernetiae. Thomas Jefferson’s slaves, a film / by B. Bernetiae Reed.(Greensboro, N.C. : Sylvest-Sarah, Inc., 2009.)

“Sally Hemings.
Located in: Footsteps (Peterborough, NH) Footsteps. Vol. 1, no. 5 (Nov./Dec., 1999)
Call number: E332.2.S23 1999

Sally Hemings, an American scandal. ([S.l.] : Dog Run Productions : dist. by Artisan Home Entertainment, c2000.)
Call number:Videocassette 0057

Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson : history, memory, and civic culture / edited by Jan Ellen Lewis and Peter S. Onuf. (Charlottesville ; London : University Press of Virginia, c1999.)
Papers originally presented at a conference held Mar. 5-6, 1999, at Monticello and the University of Virginia.
Call number: E332.2.S24 1999

Self, Robert L. The collaboration of Thomas Jefferson and John Hemings : furniture attributed to the Monticello joinery. ([Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c1998])
Offprint from: Winterthur portfolio, Vol. 33, no. 4, 1998.
Call number: E332.74 .S44 1998

Singleton, Maura. “Anatomy of a mystery : the Jefferson-Hemings controversy in the post-DNA era” / by Maura Singleton.”
Located in:Virginia (Charlottesville, Va.) Vol. 96, no. 3 (Fall, 2007)
Call number: E332.25 .S57 2007

Stanton, Lucia C. Getting word : the Monticello African-American oral history project / Lucia Stanton, Dianne Swann-Wright. (Charlottesville, Va. : Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 2006.)
Call number: E332.2 .S73 2006

Stanton, Lucia C. Slavery at Monticello. ([Charlottesville, Va.] : Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 1996, c1993.)
Call number: E443 .S79 1996

Sullivan, Michael John. Affairs of state : the true, untold stories of the illicit love lives of the presidents of the United States. (New York : Hampton House, c1987.)
Call number: E176.4 .S85 1987

Sullivan, Michael John. Presidential passions : the love affairs of America’s presidents–from Washington and Jefferson to Kennedy and Johnson / Michael John Sullivan ; foreword by John Davis.
Call number: E 176.4 .S86 1991

Thomas Jefferson Heritage Society

Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation
Report of the Research Committee on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings (January 2000)
Thomas Jefferson Foundation DNA Study Committee Minority Report (April 12, 1999)
Thomas Jefferson Foundation Response to the Minority Report Prepared by Lucia C. Stanton, Shannon Senior Research Historian (April 2000)
Reply to Thomas Jefferson Foundation Response to the Minority Report to the DNA Study Committee By White McKenzie Wallenborn, M.D., Author of the Minority Report (June 2000)

“Thomas Jefferson’s Negro grandchildren : fourth-generation colored descendants of third president proud of their ancestry.”
Located in: Ebony (November, 1954)
Call number: folio E332.2.T565 1954

Woodson, Byron W. A president in the family : Thomas Jefferson, Sally Hemings, and Thomas Woodson. (Westport, Conn. ; London : Praeger, c2001.)
Call number: E332.2.W66 2001
Also available: Praeger trade uncorrected page proofs. April 2001.
Call number: E332.2.W66 2001b

Wyllie, John Cook. Research files compiled by John Cook Wyllie.
Wyllie’s research material contains copies of original material, articles, and his own notes and articles. Research on the Hemings family includes an extract from the Virginia “Recorder” 1801 September 2 containing James Callender’s accusation; a copy of the autobiography of Madison Hemings from the Pike County “Republican” 1873 March 13; a mimeograph copy of Douglass Adair’s “The Jefferson scandals”; an obituary for Cornelia Durnley Garrett, former Albemarle County slave; and genealogical charts of Jefferson family slaves.
Call number: MSS 8880-n



Brown, William Wells Clotelle : a tale of the Southern States. (Boston : James Redpath, Publisher ; New York : H. Dexter, Hamilton & Co.,. [1864] (Boston : Press of Geo. G. Rand & Avery))
First American edition of the first novel by an African American. Originally published in England in 1853 under title: Clotel; or, The president’s daughter. The novel is based on ‘the rumor which William Lloyd Garrison was spreading in his press to the effect that Thomas Jefferson’s alleged ‘slave-daughter’ had lately been sold for $1000 on the New Orleans market.” In the American edition, an anonymous senator, rather than Jefferson, was portrayed as the father. Cf. William Wells Brown and Clotelle / J.N. Heermance, p. 193-194.
Call number: Barrett PS1139.B9 C5 1864

Chase-Riboud, Barbara. The president’s daughter. (New York : Crown Publishers, c1994.)
Call number: PS3553.H336 P7 1994

Chase-Riboud, Barbara. Sally Hemings : a novel. (New York : Viking Press, c1979.)
Call number: PS3553.H336 S25 1979

Erickson, Steve. Arc d’X. (New York ; London : Poseidon Press, c1993.)
Call number: PS3555.R47 A89 1993

Erickson, Steve. “The violation of Sally Hemings.”
Located in: Esquire. Vol. 119, no. 4 (April 4, 1993)
Call number: PS3555.R47 V56 1993

Woodson, Minnie Shumate. The sable curtain. (Washington, D.C. : Stafford Lowery Press, [1987], c1985.)
Call number: PS3573.O64526 S23 1987