Bibliography of Works Consulted
All titles held by the University of Virginia Library, except where indicated by National Union Catalog symbol:
Vi: Library of Virginia
ViW: College of William and Mary
ViU: University of Virginia
Albemarle Training School. Ayteesee. Charlottesville, Va.: Albemarle Training School, 1948.
Alexander, Fred M. Education and Virginia Culture. N.p.: n.p.,1939.
—. Education for the Needs of the Negro in Virginia. Washington, D.C.: The Southern Education Foundation, Inc., 1943.
—. The Program of Secondary Education in Virginia. Richmond: n.p., 194-?
Alexander, Will W. The Slater and Jeanes Funds, An Educator’s Approach To a Difficult Social Problem, an Address Delivered at Hampton Institute April 27th, 1933. Trustees of the John F. Slater Fund, 1934.
Anderson, Eric and Moss, Alfred A. Dangerous Donations: Northern Philanthropy and Southern Black Education, 1902-1930. Columbia: U of Missouri P, 1999.
Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1988.
Barbour, W. B. Halifacts. Danville: J. T. Townes Printing Co., Inc., 1941.
Blassingame, John W. and McKivigan, John R. eds. The Frederick Douglass Papers: Speeches, Debates, and Interviews, 1881-95. New Haven: Yale U P, 1979-1992.
Buck, J.L. Blair. The Development of Public Schools in Virginia, 1607-1952. Richmond: Commonwealth of Virginia State Board of Education, 1952.
—. The Patrons’ League on a Business Basis. Hampton: Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, 1922.
Byrd, Rawls. History of Public Schools in Williamsburg. Williamsburg, Va: n.p., 1968.
Carrington, Richard Watkins. Papers, MSS 270-5, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library.
Carrington, Wirt Johnson. A History of Halifax County, Virginia. Richmond: Appeals Press, Inc., 1924.
Cato, W. Hall. “Secondary Education in Greensville County Virginia.” Diss. University of Virginia, 1939.
Clement, Rufus. “Jackson Davis.” Phylon 8:2 (1947):177-178.
Conference at the Hampton Institute Library School, March 15-18, 1927. Hampton: The Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, 1927.
Dabney, Charles W. The Public School Problem in the South. Reprinted from Conference for Education in the South: Winston Salem, NC, 1901.
Dance, Martin Short. Peabody High School: A History of the First Negro Public High School in Virginia. New York: Carlton Press , Inc., 1976.
Davis, Jackson, Thomas Campbell, and Margaret Wrong. Africa Advancing: A Study of Rural Education and Agriculture in West Africa and the Belgian Congo. New York: The Friendship Press, 1945.
Davis, Jackson. “British Africa and the South.” Virginia Quarterly. 13 (1937): 362-375.
—. “Building a Rural Civilization: I. County Training Schools.” The Southern Workman. 49 (Nov. 1920): 501-507.
—. “Building a Rural Civilization: II. Supervising Industrial Teachers.” The Southern Workman. 49 (Dec. 1920): 549-557.
— . “County Training Schools.” The Southern Workman. 52 (Aug. 1923): 378-9.
—. “Country Training Schools.” The Southern Workman. 47 (Oct. 1918): 481-489
—. Diary. “Trip with Gunnar Myrdal and Richard Sterner, October 3-20, 1938.” General Education Board Papers. 586.1. Tarrytown, N.Y. :Rockefeller Archives Center. (originals in Rockefeller Archive Center; microfilm in ViU)
—. The Jeanes Visiting Teachers: An Address Given at the Inter Territorial Jeanes Conference, Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, May 27, 1936. New York: Carnegie Corporation of new York, 1936.
—. “The Negro in Country Life.” The Southern Workman. 41 (Jan. 1912): 15-26.
—. “Negro Training and Racial Good-Will.” The American Review of Reviews. (Oct. 1918): 521-?.
—. “The Outlook For Negro Colleges.” The Southern Workman. 57 (March 1928): 129-136.
—. “The Phenix School.” The Southern Workman. 60 (June 1931):264-268.
—. Practical Training in Negro Rural Schools. N.p.: n.p.,1913.
—. “School and Community Needs.” The Southern Workman. 39 (Sept. 1910): 471-473.
—. “Seaman A. Knapp: Pioneer in Southern Agriculture.” The Southern Workman. 58 (Sept. 1929): 387-395.
Dean, Jennie. A Battleground School: a Colored Woman’s Work in Uplifting Negro Boys and Girls, the Story of the Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth. Alexandria, Va.: n.p.,1901.
Delong, William J. “Secondary Education in Nelson County, Virginia.” Diss. University of Virginia Press, 1942.
Dillard, James H. County Training Schools and Public Secondary Education for Negroes in the South. Washington DC: The John F. Slater Fund, 1935.
Dillard, James H., et al. Twenty Year Report of the Phelps-Stokes Fund 1911-1931. New York: The Phelps-Stokes Fund, 1932.
DuBois, W.E.B. and Augustus Granville Dill, eds. The Common School and the Negro American. Atlanta, Ga.: Atlanta U P, 1911.
Du Bois, W E. B. and Gary Johnson. Encyclopedia of the Negro: Preparatory Volume with Reference Lists and Reports. New York: The Phelps-Stokes Fund, Inc., 1946.
Dykeman, Wilma. Profit of Plenty: the first ninety years of W. D. Weatherford. Knoxville: Tennessee Press, 1973.
Eley, Douglas Corbell. “Secondary Education in Norfolk County,1691 1951.” Thesis. U of Virginia. 1951.
Fosdick, Raymond B. Adventure in Giving: The Story of the General Education Board, A Foundation Established by John D. Rockefeller. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.
Fuller, Thomas O. Pictorial History of the American Negro. Kingsport, Tenn: Kingsport Press, 1933.
General Education Board Archives. Early Southern Program. Virginia. Sleepy Hollow, N.Y.: Rockefeller University Archives Center. (originals in Rockefeller Archive Center; microfilm in ViU)
General Education Board. The Handley Fund, a Report to the Board of Handley Trustees. New York, N.Y.: n.p., 1918.
Gray, Mary Wiatt. Gloucester County, Virginia. Richmond: Cottrell & Cooke, Inc., 1936. General Education Board. An Account of its Activities 1902-1914. 3rd ed. New York: General Education Board, 1916.
Greer-Carr Family Papers, MSS 10176, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library.
Hampton in War Time. Hampton, Va.: Press of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, 1918.
Harlan, Louis R. Separate and Unequal. Public School Campaigns and Racism in the Southern Seaboard States 1901-1915. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1958.
Houck, Peter and Maxham, Mintcy D. Indian Island in Amherst County. Lynchburg: Warwick House Publishing, 1993.
Hill Directory Co. Charlottesville City Directory, 1924. Richmond: Hill Directory Co. Inc., 1924.
Hoor, Martin. “James Hardy Dillard: An Appreciation,” The Dillard Bulletin. 5 (Dec. 1940), 3-5.
Humphreys, Homer Alexander. “A History of Education in Prince Edward County.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1941.
Hunt, Thomas C. and Wagoner, Jennings L. “Race, Religion, and Redemption: William Henry Ruffner and the Moral Foundation of Education in Virginia.” American Presbyterians 66: 1 (Spring 1988), 1-9.
Hurt, Frank Benjamin. A History of Ferrum College: An Uncommon Challenge 1914-1974. Roanoke: The Stone Printing Company, 1977.
“Jackson Davis.” Opportunity, A Journal for Negro Life. Summer: 134. 1947.
Jackson, Walter. Gunnar Myrdal and America’s Conscience. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1990.
John F. Slater Fund. Board of Trustee Records. Archives and Special Collections, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center.
Jones, Lance G. E. The Jeanes Teacher in the United States, 1908-1933. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1937.
Kelso, Daniel McKinley. “A Study of Compulsory Education in Virginia.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1946.
Lankford, Francis Greenfield. “Secondary Education in Lancaster and Northumberland Counties, 1645-1932.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1932.
Lewis, Stephen Johnson. Undaunted faith– the Life Story of Jennie Dean : Missionary, Teacher, Crusader, Builder, Founder of the Manassas Industrial School. Memorial ed. Manassas, Va.: The Manassas Museum,1994. Vi
Link, William A. A Hard Country and a Lonely Place: Schooling, Society, and Reform in Rural Virginia, 1870-1920. Chapel Hill : U of North Carolina P, 1986.
—. The Paradox of Southern Progressivism, 1880-1930. Chapel Hill : U of North Carolina P, 1992.
Malval, Fritz J., ed. A Guide to the Archives of Hampton Institute. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1985.
Manassas Industrial School. Annual catalogue. Manassas, Va.: Manassas Industrial School.
—. Financial Report and Donors’ List and Statement of Current Needs. Manassas, Va.: Manassas Industrial School, 1910.
Mann, Harold. Atticus Greene Haygood: Methodist Bishop, Editor, and Educator. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1965.
Marks, Robert R. “Secondary Education in Henrico County, 1607-1945. Diss. University of Virginia, 1946.
Manarin, Louis H., and Clifford Dowdey. The History of Henrico County. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1984.
Mauck, J. Leonard. Secondary Education in Smyth County : 1832-1940. Alexandria, Va.: National Printing Co., 1978.
McLeRoy, Sherrie S. and McLeRoy, Williams R. More Passages: A New History of Amherst County, Virginia. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1995.
Meade, Richard A. “A History of the Constitutional Provisions for Education in Virginia.” Diss. University of Virginia, 1941.
Meagher, Margaret. History of Education in Richmond. Richmond: n.p., 1939.
Moore, James Tice, ed. Governors of Virginia, 1860-1978. Charlottesville, Va.: U P of Virginia, 1982.
Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and American Democracy. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers,1944.
Negro Rural School Fund, Inc. Board Of Trustee Records. Archives and Special Collections, Robert W, Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center.
Nichols, J. and Crogman, W. Progress of a Race or the Remarkable Advancement of the American Negro. Naperville Ill .: J.L. Nichols & Co., 1925.
Norfolk Summer Institute for Negro Teachers. State summer institute for Tidewater, Virginia Norfolk, Va.. Guide Publishing Co., Inc., 1918.
Peake, Laura A. “The Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth,1894 1916.” Thesis. College of William and Mary, 1995. ViW
Peters, R. Worth. “Secondary Education in Manassas, Va. 1890-1935.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1939.
Poston, Charles Evans. “Henry Carter Stuart in Virginia Politics, 1855-1933.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1970.
Poteet, George Frederic. “Secondary Education in Montgomery County, 1776-1936.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1937.
Powers, David Pinkney. Papers, MSS 9377, Special Collections Dept, University of Virginia Library.
Richardson, Archie G. The development of Negro education in Virginia, 1831-1970. Richmond. Richmond Virginia Chapter, Phi Delta Kappa, c1976.
Richmond Public Schools. The Public Schools of Richmond, Virginia. Richmond :Published by the Local Committee on Arrangements for the Dept. of Superintendence of the National Education Association,1914.
Rice, Horace. The Buffalo Ridge Cherokee: The Colors and Culture of a Virginian Indian Community. Madison Heights, Va.: BRC Books, 1991.
Roanoke Public Schools. The Schools of Roanoke. Roanoke, Va.: Virginia Writers’ Project, 1940.
Rockbridge Retired Teachers Association, ed. A Brief History of Public Education in Rockbridge County, Lexington, Buena Vista. Lexington and Buena Vista: Rockbridge Retired Teachers Association, 1980.
Russell, James Solomon. Adventure in Faith: an Autobiographic study of Archdeacon James Solomon Russell, Founder of the St. Paul Normal and Industrial School, Lawrenceville, Va. New York: Morehouse Publishing Co., 1936.
Saint Paul’s College. College Bulletin. Lawrenceville, Va.: Saint Paul’s College.
Sealander, Judith. Private Wealth: Foundation Philanthropy and the Reshaping of American Social Policy from the Progressive Era to the New Deal. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins U P, 1997.
“Second Annual Report of the Industrial Work of the Colored Schools of Sussex County Virginia for Session 1910-11.” Richmond: J.W. Fergusson and Sons, Inc. 1911.
Shaw, Albert, ed. American Monthly Review of Reviews. July-December 1915. New York: Review of Reviews Co., 1915.
Smith James W. and Amanda E DeHart. Christiansburg Institute: A Proud Heritage. Petersburg, Va.: Westar Publishing Company. 1991.
Smith, S.L. Builders of Goodwill. Nashville: Tennessee Book Co., 1950.
Southern, David. Gunnar Myrdal and Black-White Relations: The Use and Abuse of An American Dilemma, 1944-1969. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U Press, 1987.
Stiff, Annie Baugh. “The History of Secondary Education in Roanoke County, Virginia, 1838-1940.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1942.
—. The Stingray Conferences, 1932-43. (Nashville, TN 1954.). General Education Board Papers, 586.1. Rockefeller Archive Center, Tarrytown, NY. (originals in Rockefeller Archive Center; microfilm in ViU)
Strickler, Millard P. “The History of the Academies of Rockbridge County, Virginia.” Diss. University of Virginia, 1948.
Sullivan, Collen A.., “A History of Charlottesville Public School Facilities,” Fine Arts AIV, School of Architecture, University of Virginia,1986.
Thurman, Frances Ashton, “The History of St. Paul’s College, Lawrenceville Va., 1888-1959.” Diss. Howard U, 1978.
Van Pelt, Joseph Benjamin. “Secondary Education in Westmoreland County, 1653-1938.” Thesis. U of Virginia, 1938.
Virginia. Dept. of Education. Annual report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Richmond: Supt. Of Public Print. 1910-1935. Vi
—. Annual Report of the Division Superintendents of Schools. Richmond: Supt. of Public Print. 1910-1935. Vi
—. Lists of Teachers. Richmond. Supt. of Public Print. 1910-1935. Vi
Virginia. Dept. of Public Instruction. County School Fairs in Virginia. 2nd ed. Richmond: Supt. of Public Printing, 1913. Vi
—. Courses of Study and Records of the Public High Schools of Virginia, with the Accredited List of Virginia Colleges and Private Preparatory Schools. Accompanied by the Report of Virginia Commission on Accredited Schools. Richmond: Published by the Department of Public Instruction, 1914. Vi
Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute. Gazette. Ettrick, Va.: Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute.
Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute. V.N.I.I. Gazette. Ettrick, Va.: Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute.
The Virginia School Journal. Richmond, Va.: n.p.
Virginia. State Board of Education. Rosenwald Day Program, March 3, 1933. Richmond, Division of Purchase and Print., 1933.
Virginia State Chamber of Commerce. Committee on Education. Colleges and Schools in Virginia. Richmond, Virginia State Chamber of Commerce, 1931.
Wagoner, Jennings. “The American Compromise: Charles W. Eliot, Black Education, and the New South.” Education and the Rise of the New South. Eds. Ronald K. Goodenow and Arthur O. White. Boston: G. K. Hall and Co., 1981.
Walker, Thomas Calhoun. The Honey-Pod Tree: The Life of Thomas Calhoun Walker. New York: The John Day Company, 1958.
Wright, Arthur D and Edward E. Redcay. The Negro Rural School Fund, Inc: A Record of the establishment of the Fund, a Sketch of its Donor, the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Board of Trustees from 1908 to 1932, and the Policies Developed under the Directions of the Board of trustees. Washington: The Negro Rural School Fund, Inc., 1933.
Who Was Who in America. Vol. 2. Chicago: The A. N. Marquis Company, 1950.
Wingfield, Marshall. Franklin County, Virginia: A History. Berryville: Chesapeake Book Company, 1964.
Wood, Karenne and Shields, Diane. The Monacan Indians: Our Story. Virginia: Monacan Indian Nation, Office of Historical Research, n.d.